Sunday, May 24, 2020

Totem And The Coyote Columbus Story By Thomas King

The two stories ‘Totem’ and ‘The Coyote Columbus Story’ written by Thomas King are about the Aboriginal people of North America. Thomas King revisits the history of the Native American people in his stories and tells them in a symbolic and metaphorical manner, with his simple touch of humour. The stories â€Å"Totem† and â€Å"The Coyote Columbus Story† are based on historical events, where in they describe the real historical events which have occurred, rather than the ones written down otherwise. The story â€Å"Totem† illustrates the cultural biased society’s attitude towards the Aboriginal people of North America. The story â€Å"Totem† by Thomas King captures several such incidences and tells them in a bit magical and symbolic way. It tells us the story about Aboriginal people and their three centuries of history shared with the European. â€Å"The Coyote Columbus Story† by Thomas King talks about the sailo rs who claimed they had found the land of India and China, which was North America in reality, and corrects their claim in this story by retelling the true events which had actually happened. The events in this story take place at the time when Columbus arrived in North America, unlike in â€Å"Totem† where its events take place in a post-Columbus period. Thomas King says that the Canadian history has been altered and he feels he should tell them correctly. He incorporates four core elements in his story â€Å"Totem† to illustrate his point: the totem pole, Walter Hooton and his workers,Show MoreRelatedThomas King: Not Just a Reaction to Colonialism1459 Words   |  6 PagesA Coyote Columbus Story shows the Native point of view of the beginning of colonialism. When introducing Christopher Columbus into the short story, Coyote says [t]hat is the one who found Indians (King Coyote 123). In many of Kings stories, he writes narration without quotations, but this particular short story doesnt contain a single quotation. The style in which it is written is not similar to many other post-colonial texts. Rather than depicting historical facts directly and accurately

Monday, May 18, 2020

The impact of Trump Tariffs - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1727 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/03/27 Category Politics Essay Level High school Topics: Donald Trump Essay Did you like this example? In 2018, the President of the United States Donald Trump decided to make some changes to our trade policies. The United States has always been one of the biggest trade partners in the world. As far as anyone can remember we have been trading goods with other countries. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The impact of Trump Tariffs" essay for you Create order Our biggest trade partner for years has been China. Following China is Canada and Mexico. In an action to try and bring more companies back to America, Donald Trump and his cabinet have placed tariffs on goods that we trade the most. A tariff is a small fee that is given to an item when it is traded whether it be imported or exported. Trumps cabinet believe that placing tariffs on items will cause companies that have moved their business overseas to come back to the United States. Thus, creating more jobs and boosting the economy. A small majority of people, mostly government officials, believe the tariffs will bring companies back to the US ultimately creating more jobs and boosting out economy. As we all know the Trump campaign has done a great job at creating new jobs and our stocks are at an all-time high. The tariffs can have a great impact on our national debt in the long run, but have we stopped to realize what it might do to us as we speak? In the short run the high prices on products has the potential to close businesses and in return people will lose their jobs. The US was built on small businesses and farms and it should stay that way. In addition, other countries might decide that they will not back down to the tariffs and refute against us with tariffs of their own, which they already have. The possibility of another world war is in the works too because of it. Lastly, these tariffs have far more greatly impacted the farming community than any other community out there. Farming is one of the most important parts of our survival. Early this year Donald Trump signed a tariff that went into effect on Friday, July 6th that put a 25 percent duty on nearly $34 billion worth of Chinese goods. Of that $34 billion, $14 billion worth of soy beans that were expected to ship to China will be impacted by tariffs. (Kellie Ell, Us economy, p.1) The US greatest export to China is soy beans. Soy beans are produced mainly by traditional farmers and farmers struggle to make a profit off their crop every year. This tariff means that farmers make less money per bushel on soybeans because the difference in money will go towards the tariff and not into the farmers pocket. Rural communities are dependent on agriculture. Its their way of life blood, Casey Guernsey, a seventh-generation beef farmer in the Missouri-Kansas-Iowa are, told CNBC. (Kellie Ell, Us economy, p.1). This statement goes to show that the passion and prosperity of farmers is a serious matter and these tariffs may go on to destroy much of what they have worked so h ard for. The two most common crops that farmers produce are soybeans and corn. The price per bushel of soybeans is much greater than the price per bushel of corn. In addition, the bushel per acre of corn is much greater than the bushel per acre of soy beans. But, the demand for soy beans around the world is much higher than the demand for corn. Therefore, this tariff can cause so much destruction to the foundation of our farming community. Not only has crop farmers been affected by the Trump Tariffs but livestock farmers as well. No matter the size of the operation it effects all parties that are involved in livestock. We put a halt on all investment, not just because we will be losing money, but because we dont know if growing in the U.S. is the right move if we wont be an exporting country, said Ken Maschhoff, chairman of Maschhoff Family Foods and co-owner of the nations largest family-owned pork producer. (Jeff Daniels, We are the Casualty, 2018). Hearing this from the top pork producer in the U.S. is a scary thought and brings up the matter that if the big buy is hurting then most likely the small guys are hurting much worse. The tariffs are sure to shut down producers across the U.S. China and Mexico are the two largest importers of U.S. Pork. China is the second largest and receives about a total of $1.1 billion a year. Mexico is the largest and it is estimated to receive about $1.5 billion a year in pork for th e US. (Jeff Daniels, We are the Casualty, 2018). After the US decided to tax imports on China, China retaliated. Originally there was around a 50 percent tax on imported pork to China, with the new tariff that is supposed to exceed to 70 percent. Experts say that this tax percentage is expected to raise to 81 percent. At 81 percent net tariff, youre not moving any pork product into China, said Christine McCracken, executive director of animal protein at Rabobank. (Jeff Daniels, We are the Casualty, 2018). Basically, China is closing its doors on any imported pork from the U.S. Mexico has also decided to add to the import tax train set on US pork exporters. On June 5th Mexico added a 10 percent tariff on chilled and frozen pork. Approximately nine days later Mexico doubled that tariff to 20 percent, this followed as a retaliatory action to the tariffs the US set on aluminum and steel. (Jeff Daniels, We are the Casualty, 2018). Steel and Aluminum are in the list of some of the top exports and imports the US and other countries around the world have. The main reason Donald Trump has enforced these tariffs on steel is because steel employment has fallen from 650,000 employees to about 140,000 since the 1950s. (James McBride, Council on Foreign Relations, Pg. 2). Donald Trump stated, It will be American steel that will fortify Americas crumbling bridges. In doing this, supposedly will bring back many steel and aluminum companies that have set there stone overseas. At the same time other companies such as electronics, will be moving their ways overseas. One of the main ingredients to all farming equipment is steel, and a lot of it. Farming equipment is extremely expensive and accounts for quite a bit of the money that goes into farming. Not only does it hurt the average crop farmers, but businesses such as green houses and livestock farmers. So far, the Trump Tariffs have placed a 25 percent tariff on all steel and 10 percent tariff on all aluminum. (James McBride, Council on Foreign Relations, Pg. 2). Experts say that that previous experience shows that such tariffs will likely fail to revitalize domestic producers while imposing costs on the rest of the economy. (James McBride, Council on Foreign Relations, Pg. 2). These tariffs are connected to a broad range of countries not just a few specific ones. Not only will it fail but it could set off larger trade wars between some the United States biggest allies. Several large companies have been closing across the U.S. agricultural companies all the way to electronic companies and some construction-based companies. Tv manufacturer Element Electronics announced it was shuttering its plant in Fairfield County, South Carolina, in response to Trumps Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum imports. (Ryan Bort, Rolling Stone, Pg. 2). When companies like this close it has an immense negative impact towards the foundation of the cities the companies are located in. Another example of this situation would be Mid-Continental Nail, although this company didnt shut down it is in fear of a short coming. Mid-Continental Nail, the nations largest nail manufacturer, was devastated when Trump lifted the tariff exemption for Canada, Mexico, and the EU in May. The company relied on steel imported from Mexico and was forced to raise prices after the tariff was imposed. (Ryan Bort, Rolling Stone, Pg. 3). Sen Claire McCaskill stated, Its time to end this reckless trade war that has put so many Missourians likelihoods at stake weve already seen 60 jobs lost here in Poplar Bluff, and without any action by the administration, well lose hundreds more.. (Ryan Bort, Rolling Stone, Pg. 3). It is truly amazing the impact that tariffs on a few of the basic products that we import, and export can have on every single person in the U.S. in some form of another every person is connected to the tariffs. The trump tariffs were placed on specific goods to try to convince companies to bring back their business to the US. Trump believes that it will boost our economy in the long run, but what they dont care or realize is what it does to us in the short run. Tariffs like this put companies that have been working so hard to go out of business. one of the most important parts of our future, which is farming, is greatly impacted in a negative way. We will not survive if farming is crushed down. There is roughly 7.5 billion people in this world that we already cannot feed. More than 800 million people are malnourished. Another two billion are short of essential micronutrients. By the year 2040 it is estimated that we are going to have to feed 9 billion people. (Simon Worrall, National Geographic, pg. 1). The only way we can feed all these mouths is by preserving and helping the farming communities whether the farms are large or small. The Trump tariffs are extremely bad for our communities a nd trading agreements, which account for a lot of the governments income, and poses a threat to our future and well-being. Works Cited Bort, Ryan. A Brief Overview of What Trumps Tariffs Have Wrought. Rolling Stone, Rolling Stone, 13 Aug. 2018, Daniels, Jeff. We Are the Casualty: US Pig Farmers Brace for Second Round of Pork Tariffs from China, Mexico. CNBC, CNBC, 5 July 2018, Ell, Kellie. US Farmers Could Take a Significant Hit from Trade War. CNBC, CNBC, 6 July 2018, McBride, James. The Risks of U.S. Steel and Aluminum Tariffs. Council on Foreign Relations, Council on Foreign Relations, 2018, Worrall, Simmon. How Will We Feed a World of Nine Billion People? National Geographic, National Geographic Society, 1 July 2015,

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Essay on Mending Wall - 2143 Words

Mending Wall by Robert Frost is a poem in which the characteristics of vocabulary, rhythm and other aspects of poetic technique combine in a fashion that articulates, in detail, the experience and the opposing convictions that the poem describes and discusses. The ordinariness of the rural activity is presented in specific description, and as so often is found in Frosts poems, the unprepossessing undertaking has much larger implications. Yet his consideration of these does not disturb the qualities of accessible language and technique, which give the poem its unique flavor and persuasiveness. The poem works on two levels of realism and metaphor, with a balance as poised as the act of mending the all itself. (themes) Perhaps one of†¦show more content†¦Even though the words do not carry, the sound of them does and the listener can catch the meaning of the conversation. This is because every meaning has a particular sound-posture, or to think of it in another way, the sens e of meaning has a particular sound which each individual is instinctively familiar with and without at all being conscious of the exact words that are being used is able to understand the thought, idea or emotion that is being conveyed. Each sentence in the Mending Wall is not interesting merely in conveying a meaning of words, it does much more by conveying a meaning by its tone. If we were to go back far enough in history we would discover that the sound of sense (tone) existed before words, that there was something in the voice or vocal gesture made by primitive man that conveyed a meaning to his companions before man developed a more elaborate method of communication. Native Americans have been said to have possessed a picture-language, a means of communicating by the sound of sense. This sound of sense, or the voice Frost gives to the personae of his characters is the most important, distinquishing and conspicuously insistent feature of not only Mending Wall but his other poetry (style) Frost has provided to the common reader poems and writings that allow each of us to ponder the questions for which we must look to our morals and beliefs to find the answers, or to consider the ones he sometimes offers. ItShow MoreRelatedFrosts Mending Wall Essay960 Words   |  4 PagesRobert Frosts Mending Wall represents two opposing ideas through its dialogue between two neighbors. The narrator represents a newer way of thinking while his neighbor embodies an older mindset. In the poem the two neighbors are repairing a wall or fence that separates their property line. Although neither of the two men has anything that could cross the fence, the young man has apple trees and the old farmer has pines. The wall has been broken down by the winter that sends the frozen ground swellRead MoreEssay on Analysis of Mending Wall by Robert Frost2085 Words   |  9 PagesAnalysis of Mending Wall by Robert Frost Robert Frost was inspired to write Mending Wall after talking with one of his farming friend Napoleon Guay. He learned from talking with his neighbor that writing in the tones of real life is an important factor in his poetic form (Liu,Tam). Henry David Thoreau once stated that, â€Å"A true account of the actual is the purest poetry.† Another factor that might have played a role in inspiring Frost to write this poem was his experience of living on a farmRead More the mending wall Essay557 Words   |  3 Pages ANALYSIS #2: THE MENDING WALL nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In the poem, â€Å"The Mending Wall† Frost creates a lot of ambiguity in order to leave the poem open for interpretation. Frost’s description of every detail in this poem is very interesting, it leaves the reader to decide for themselves what deductions they are to be making of the poem. To begin with, Frost makes literal implications about what the two men are doing. For instance, they are physically putting theRead More Mending Wall Essay726 Words   |  3 Pages In â€Å"Mending Wall†, Robert Frost made us aware that something doesn’t love the wall in the beginning of the poem, the wall that symbolizes boundary and obstacle between people. Although this restrictive wall gives protection and a feeling of safety for the people who are inside it, it also creates a huge barrier to the people who are on the outside. The only difference between a physical wall and an imaginary barrier is that a physical wall will eventually fall apart as time goes by, but the emotionalRead MoreEssay Mending Wall1273 Words   |  6 Pages What is so important about mending a wall? Robert frost a down to earth, phenomenon has used his supernatural skills to write a poem which may seem to be a simple, ordinary poem, yet what lays hidden behind the veils may be unraveled. That is the spiritual world that you and me may learn to understand the philosophical basis of human nature that provokes the human revolution. Believe it or not this poem was ingenio usly devised by Robert Frost to articulately open up a world of ideas that acumenRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Mending Wall 821 Words   |  4 PagesFenil Patel Composition II Prof: Jon Anderson September 19, 201 â€Å"Mending Wall† a poem by Robert Frost seems to take place in countryside estate. Main theme in the poem is, whether the wall is necessary to have the good relation between neighbors. Narrator seems to think the wall is not so necessary as it separates him and his neighbor. However, he does find talking to his neighbor about the wall. but does provide a sense of privacy which is not bad. Frost is separating habit and and traditionRead More Working Together in Robert Frosts Mending Wall Essay869 Words   |  4 PagesWorking Together in Robert Frosts Mending Wall The air is cool and crisp. Roosters can be heard welcoming the sun to a new day and a woman is seen, wearing a clean colorful wrap about her body and head, her shadow casting a lone silhouette on the stone wall. The woman leans over to slide a piece of paper into one of the cracks, hoping her prayer will be heard in this city of Jerusalem. Millions are inserting their prayers into the walls of Japanese temples, while an inmate in one of aRead MoreWalls Placed on Relationships in Mending Wall by Robert Frost844 Words   |  4 PagesWalls Placed on Relationships in Mending Wall by Robert Frost In the poem Mending Wall, Robert Frost utilizes the literary devices of imagery, meter, and symbolism to demonstrate the rational and irrational boundaries or metaphoric walls humans place on their relationships with others. The precise images, such as the depiction of the mending-time ritual and the dynamic description of his old-stone savage armed neighbor, serve to enhance our enjoyment as well as our understandingRead MoreThe Mending Wall by Robert Frost Essay1226 Words   |  5 PagesThe Mending Wall by Robert Frost Robert Frost was not just a writer. Frost was, more importantly, an American writer whose works epitomized the Modernist literary movement, and in turn represented the mood and minds of a nation. Frost remains emblematic of a specific time in our country. Through the words of the poet, readers of his day could see a real-time reflection of themselves - visible in Frosts verses were the hopes and apprehensions that marked the first half of the twentieth- Read More Mending Wall by Robert Frost Essay2093 Words   |  9 Pagesâ€Å"Mending Wall† by Robert Frost   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Mending Wall† by Robert Frost is a poem in which the characteristics of vocabulary, rhythm and other aspects of poetic technique combine in a fashion that articulates, in detail, the experience and the opposing convictions that the poem describes and discusses. The ordinariness of the rural activity is presented in specific description, and as so often is found in Frost’s poems, the unprepossessing undertaking has much larger implications. Yet his consideration

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Biography Of James Scott Wheelers The Big Red - 2658 Words

The history of the United States Army’s 1st Infantry Division is one of many â€Å"firsts.† The most complete history of the division, James Scott Wheeler’s The Big Red One: America’s Legendary 1st Infantry Division from World War I to Desert Storm, describes many of these firsts in detail. The 1st Division was the first U.S. division to be organized in the Army during World War I, the first division to deploy overseas, and the first unit to engage the enemy in Europe as part of the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.). This paper is the story of these World War I firsts. Using primary documents to include the massive volumes of the World War Records of the First Division, A.E.F., Regular available at the Fairchild Library, and the reminiscences of Major General Robert Lee Bullard, who initially served as a Brigade Commander and then commanded the Division for the first American battles in France. This paper chronicles the deployment, training in Fr ance, and major battles of the 1st Division in the Great War. The United States entered World War I on 6 April 1917. Thus began a massive mobilization and expansion of the United States Army with the intent to deploy enough Soldiers and Marines to the Western Front in France to defeat the German forces and end the war. The plan was to eventually deploy a million men organized into 42 U.S. divisions, a staggering number considering that the Army had zero divisions in April 1917 and was comprised of only 127,588 Soldiers in

The Medias Influence on Eating Disorders Essay example

The Medias Influence on Eating Disorders The National Eating Disorders Association states that eating disorders are conditions that arise from factors including physical, psychological, interpersonal, and social issues. Media images help define cultural definitions of beauty and attractiveness and are often acknowledged as one of the factors that contribute to the rise of eating disorders (NEDA). The National Eating Disorders Associations website, The Effect of the Media on Body Satisfaction in Adolescent Girls, The Medias Influence on Body Image Disturbance and Eating Disorders, and Dieting Behaviors, Weight Perceptions, and Life Satisfaction Among Public High School Adolescents are all articles that evaluate how the media†¦show more content†¦Thirteen percent of 10th graders have reported vomiting, or using laxatives and diuretics to lose weight (Champion and Furnham 214). Many teens have resorted to eating disorders to shed extra pounds and in recent decades anorexia nervosa has increased. Adolescents who de velop eating disorders tend to also have low-self esteem, a negative body image, and feelings of inadequacy, anxiety, social dysfunction, depression, and moodiness (Valois et al. 271). Body dissatisfaction can cause eating disorders, and eating disorders can then cause even more negative body image perceptions. Many teenage girls are turning to eating disorders to relieve their body dissatisfaction, but these behaviors will eventually damage their physical and emotional health, self-esteem, and self-control which will not improve their perception of their body image. One of the main reasons that girls think they need to be thinner than they actually are, is because they are exposed to media images that help define what beautiful and attractive should be. The average teenager watches 3-4 hours of TV each day. In a study of 4,794 TV commercials, one out of every 3.8 commercials sends some sort of ?attractive message? (?NEDA?). So the average teenager is exposed to a lot of messages emphasizing attractiveness, which can cause them to want to feel more attractive. Being exposed to television andShow MoreRelatedWhat Is the Extent of the Medias Influence Regarding Eating Disorders?3804 Words   |  16 PagesPsychology Extended Essay is â€Å"What is the Extent of the Media’s Influence Regarding Eating Disorders?† To further investigate this question, I researched what the media is and what it does, how people are affected by the media and many different studies and experiments. Through the use of several sources, mostly online and experiments, I was able to learn exactly what the media does to possibly be considered an influence on the development of eating disorders. I was able to find a multitude of experimentsRead MoreA Culture Of Perfection : Media s Influence On Adolescents1362 Words   |  6 PagesCulture of Perfection: Media’s Influence on Adolescents Comparison. It is one of the most dangerous and detrimental habits within our society. We fall into a routine of â€Å"self-checking† ourselves against others; mentally taking notes of what we can improve and what we are doing better. We all know that comparison often takes its’ toll on our confidence and self-worth; what we may not realize, however, is how early these destructive habits begin and why. The media’s influence is everywhere and its’Read More Enjoyment of Being a Girl: Overcoming Industry Standards Essay1489 Words   |  6 Pagesa clinical social worker (WVU). The media is such a huge influence in people’s lives sometimes they don’t realize it. As women are walking down the street, the media can influence them. As people are riding in the car, the media can influence them. And even as people are sitting in the comfort of their own home, the media can influence them. The media is everywhere influencing our lives; from television to magazines to the Internet (Media’s Negative). As a woman grows older she often finds it difficultRead MoreEffects of Mass Medias Ideal of Thinness1482 Words   |  6 Pagesindividuals are changing their perspectives to match that of the media’s current ideals. Concern over the media’s influence on body image has recently risen, striking the notion that many people regard the images shown throughout media as ‘real’. However, unbeknownst to them, such unbelievably thin body types are not quite attainable in reality, and therefore, individuals’ own beauty ideals and body images become unrealistic. The mass media’s ideal image of thinness has greatly impacted the overall bodyRead MoreSocial Media has Unhealthy Effect on Young Women647 Words   |  3 PagesImage, and Eating Disorders1) Although men are affected by the downfall of media usage, young women bear the cross. Not only do women have to face the expectations of perfection, bu t also the discrimination from themselves and others. Media usage has become an everyday part of life; however, it has an unhealthy effect on young women. Media’s example of perfection has been drilled into the minds’ of youth. More than half of young girls in America are dissatisfied with their appearance. (Media’s EffectRead MoreThe Globalization Of Eating Disorders963 Words   |  4 PagesSoundness in the Globalization of Eating Disorders In her essay, â€Å"The Globalization of Eating Disorders,† Susan Bordo informs her audience of the growing trends in eating disorders. Through her argument, Bordo illustrates the cruel identity of body-image distortion syndrome while she searches for a solution to the eating-disorder problem by looking to its birthplace in culture. Making use of several examples and scenarios, facts and statistics, and appeals to pathos and logos to construct her argumentRead MoreMass Media Essay1114 Words   |  5 Pagesand entertainment. With these purposes, comes the influence of all the information we are exposed to. Most might say that mass media has had a positive impact on society as it’s made communication and information easily accessible for everyone. However, what they’re not aware of is the negative influences it has brought to women’s body-image. Because of the media’s endless advertisements of what is considered â€Å"beautiful† or â€Å"perf ect†, eating disorders and body dissatisfaction have now become significantRead MoreThink Of A Beautiful, Ten-Year-Old Girl Standing In The1281 Words   |  6 Pagesher cheeks because she is being teased for not being as skinny as the other girls in her class. She looks at the models on TV and envies their skinniness. She wants to look just like them. At ten years old, she starts running after dinner and not eating as much as she use to eat. That beautiful little girl is just like every woman all over the world; she is pressured to by the media to have a â€Å"perfect body.’ Women all over the world are coerced by society to change the way they look. These womenRead MoreThe Media Responsible For Females Essay1679 Words   |  7 PagesDissertation – Chapter 2 Is the media responsible for females, especially youths, for having low self-esteem and lack of confidence? Is the media responsible for the development of eating behaviours and disorders? In a culture with saturated media, the powerful influence upon women and younger girls is a continuous debate. Females of all ages come under immense pressure from the media, friends, partners and even parents to maintain a great body shape. The body images portrayed in the media canRead MoreMedia s Portrayal Of Women1155 Words   |  5 Pagesmay feel depresssed and may want to look like the model through unsafe dieting and other eating disorders. The media has affected girls as young as six years old into changing their appearance to look similar to those idealized in television and magazines. The mass media’s portrayal of women today sets standards of beauty that are highly unattainable and unrealistic, leading to an increase of eating disorders and a negative view of self image. People are exposed to as many as two hundred and fifty

Digital Storytelling in Philippines free essay sample

Among the most favorite pre-colonial literature are folktales and folklores. Philippine folktales are locally known as alamat. It can be further classified into: myths which talk about the creation of man and the world, as well as super natural beings; legends which talk about an origin of a place or a thing; fables which use animals and things to convey the moral lesson of the story and fantastic stories which talk about odd and unusual characters. On the other hand, Philippine folklore usually talks about the life and the beliefs of the ancestors of a particular ethnic group. It is an oral tradition which is transmitted through word of mouth from generation to generation. (http://www. cebu-philippines. net/philippine-folktales. html, Retrieved October 11, 2012)[1] According to CrisA. ,Philippine folklore, as in other cultures, is predominantly about heaven and hell, good and evil. A duality that is present in most things. And similarly, it too has survived a long history of dominations and exits both actually and artificially despite the introduction of many religions and philosophies. We will write a custom essay sample on Digital Storytelling in Philippines or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It may have been due to the fact that the Philippines is made up of 7,000+ islands that most of the indigenous beliefs and practices managed to retain their essence despite the foreign influences. And from generation to generation, across vast expanses of seas and majestic mountains, it persisted, for better or for worse. and finds a place within the realms of the modern times and sometimes even mingles with popular culture. (http://cris-a. hubpages. com/hub/philippine-folklore-or-the-stuff-filipino-nightmares-are-made-of, Retrieved October 11, 2012)[2] According to Krystina Madej, storytelling or the telling of narrative, goes back as far as time allows us to remember. It was central to society long before humans learned to write. Millions of anonymous raconteurs invented narrative when they discovered how to turn their observations and knowledge into tales they could pass on to others(https://learn. it. uts. edu. au/31002/Autumn04/support/diginarrative. pdf,Retrieved September 28, 2012)[3] . Thus, storytelling is a universal, traditional art form that has featured strongly in all cultures as an effective communication tool. http://earthjunkies. blogspot. com/p/about-earth-junkies-project. html, Retrieved September 14, 2012)[3] In the middle ages, as what Meigs et. al have research, the tradition of storytelling and instruction was oral. Wandering bards and minstrels told stories and sang ballads. Children listened, joined in the refrains, and learned histories, folktales, and religious stories through repetition. Wandering troops of actors who put on Mystery, Miracle, and Morality Plays stopped in villages and castles during major celebrations. The characters in the plays, with their varied voices and different costumes, brought forth images in the mind rich in religious meaning, and children learned about symbolism and allegory by listening and watching . (https://learn. it. uts. edu. au/31002/Autumn04/support/diginarrative. pdf, Retrieved September 28, 2012)[5] Within the suite of methods for telling stories, digital storytelling has emerged as a useful and efficient way for stories to be collected and shared. As a process, it allows stories to be told in ways that incorporate visual and audio tools to enhance the power of the story. http://www. humantechnology. jyu. fi/articles/volume8/2012/Hancox. pdf, Retrieved October11, 2012)[6] According to Wikipedia, Digital Storytelling  refers to a short form of digital film-making that allows everyday people to share aspects of their life story. Thisis a relatively new term which describes the new practice of ordinary people who use digital tools to tell their story. Digital s tories often present in compelling and emotionally engaging formats, they are usually less than 5 minutes long and can be interactive. It can also cover a range of digital narratives (web-based stories, interactive stories, hypertexts, and narrative computer games); It is sometimes used to refer to film-making in general, and as of late, it has been used to describe advertising and promotion efforts by commercial and non-profit enterprises. (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Digital_storytelling, Retrieved September 28, 2012)[7] In Helen Berrets portfolio, the Digital Storytelling Association defined Digital Storytelling as the modern expression of the ancient art of storytelling. Digital stories derive their power by weaving images, music, narrative and voice together, thereby giving deep dimension and vivid color to characters, situations, experiences, and insights. (https://sites. google. com/site/digitalstorysite/, Retrieved October 1, 2012)[8] Digital storytelling allows students to share their stories outside of the traditional written form. It allows students to develop creative presentations utilizing a number of different skills, including writing, performance, and technological skills.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Emerging Technology of Automatic Cars

Question: Describe about the Report for Emerging Technology of Automatic Cars. Answer: Historical Timeline and Predecessor Assessment Auto Transmission- 1 Auto Transmission Technology in cars enables the cars to auto tor more specifically self-shifting Transmission. The auto transmission of the gears helps the driver of the car to change the gear without using the clutch or gear (Kahlbau Bestle, 2013). Basically the technological concept is in these cars is if there is a n-speed Auto-Transmission car where n indicates the number of forward gear ratios, this type of car can change automatically gear ratios according to the movement of the car which gives the freeness to the car driver from shifting the gear manually. This in turn helps reducing the psychological stress of the driver and drive more safely Some of the key Benefits of Auto Transmission cars are- These cars are easy to operate as driver does not require to use clutch to set the timing for shifting and adjusting transmission. These cars operate remarkably well in Traffics. More Accurate and powerful. Pre collision technology- The companies like Ford and Hyundai developed the pre collision technology and the pedestrian detection technology (Kahlbau Bestle, 2013). These technologies alert the driver when they are not paying attention to the road and there is a probability of collision. This Technology continuously monitors the surrounding of the car and in case of collision it raises the alarm. If after the alarm the driver does not respond to the alarm, the system uses the breaks automatically to stop the car and avoid the collision. It is helpful in even the frontal collision. Rear mounted radar- This system helps the driver of the car to avoid the objects that are immediately behind the car and can cause harm to the boy of the car (Bellur, 2014). This Rear mounted radar technology automatically scans the objects behind the car and send the images in the camera placed in car. This radar system also alerts the driver of the car in case of traffic too. Most of the cars use hidden LCD in the mirror for Rear Mounted Radar System. It can also help to avoid the collision with the other cars in the parking area (Dooley et al., 2016). Vehicle-to-Vehicle communication- Vehicle-to-Vehicle communication is a wireless technology that alerts the nearby car and helps in reducing the accidents by exchanging the details and position of the car. This technology helps the cars to broadcast the position, speed, break status and other data within the circle of few hundred meters so that the other cars can know their positions and status to alert the sensor systems and the driver of the car (Takai et al., 2014). In the year 2015 Ford introduced this technology in its Automatic cars. Historical timeline of the different technologies used in the Automatic car The actual automatic or autonomous vehicle technology was actually developed during 1960s when the space race was in full swing and the researchers were looking for technologies to land an autonomous vehicle on the moon. The first idea to develop a lunar rover vehicle which will be controlled by a remote was first conceptualised by James Adam, who was an engineering student at Stanford University in the year 1961 (Chang, Wang, Yu, 2011). But the main problem in that idea was how the vehicle will be controlled as there will be a delay of 2.5 seconds in the relay of the commands to the vehicle. This paved way for the development of the worlds first truly self-driven vehicle. This vehicle was called as Cart, which was fitted with the various cameras and the vehicle was programmed to follow a solid white line on the ground automatically. The automatic vehicles of today are through advanced but they rely on the same camera technology to detect the path. Another major development was achi eved in the year 1977 in the field of automatic car technology when the Tsukuba Mechanical of Japan was able to produce the first automatic passenger car vehicle which had the capability to completely recognize the markings on the street and travel automatically at the speed of 20 kilometres per hour. This passenger car also used two cameras that were mounted on the vehicle. In the year 1987, German engineer Ernst Discmans took a bold step in the field of automatic car technology when equipped a sedan car with various cameras and he connected those cameras with about 60 micro-processing modules so that the vehicle is able to identify and detect the objects on the roads both in front and back of the vehicle. The main feature of the technology that was used by Ernst was that the technology that he used provided a dynamic vision to the computer processor and allowed the car to filter the extraneous noise and just focus on the proper and relevant objects on the road. This technology is still used in todays automatic cars so that the cars identify the potential hazard and is able to do course correction. The technology used by the Ernst was able to drive the sedan automatically up to the speed of 60 kilometres per hour on the road. The major breakthrough in the field of the automatic technology for the cars was achieved in the year 1995 By General Automatics MQ-1. This technology relies on an array of radars to locate objects and see beyond the visual range (Segata Lo Cigno, 2013). The technology also has thermal imaging technology which enabled the vehicles to be able to drive in the night conditions also. In the year 2015 Tesla achieved a significant success in the automatic technology that allowed to have hands free control on the cars so that are driven in highway and freeway. Analysis of Impact Aim/ Objectives:1 The objective of the present study is To explore the emergence of the advanced autonomous car technology by drawing reference from the historical factors related to the topic taken under consideration. To evaluate the impact of the social and cultural, economic, political and environmental factors on the autonomous car technology. Historical issues: The background of the study explains the emergence of the autonomous car technology. The first successful autonomous car was introduced in the market during the 1980 (Geiger et al., 2012). Since that time, several research organizations as well as corporations have worked relentlessly towards the development of the prototype autonomous cars. The advancement in the technologies in the automobile industry has led to the development of the autonomous car technology that can offer greater reliability as well as safety than the cars in earlier period. As per reports, the inattention of the driver can be considered as one of the most important factors that can lead to 25% of the road accidents. The use of the autonomous cars however can increase the level of safety and help in relieving stress by using the automatics. The driver of an autonomous car can pay less attention to different situations related to the road traffic and thereafter identify the signs of an approach ing accident. However, from the perspective of safety both the autonomous cars and the manual cars have no decisive benefit over one another. However, the emergence of the autonomous car technology is also free from criticism as it is believed that the refined system of engineering can also not be associated to the level of complexity of the human brain (Ota et al., 2012). Figure 1: Consumer Preference towards the autonomous car technologySource: (Operations Research and Financial Engineering, 2016).Several surveys conducted on the autonomous car technology reveal the fact that the more number of consumers trust driverless automated vehicles. Facts and figures on the matter indicate that more than half of the global population that is around 57% of the consumers worldwide prefer the automated cars (Advisory, Assurance, Tax, Transaction Services, 2016). The above figures indicate the country wise preference towards the driverless cars and want their kids to ride the same. Figure 2: T rend IndicatorsSource: (Operations Research and Financial Engineering, 2016)In addition to this, surveys and researches conducted by UN World Urbanization Prospects, Navigant Research and many others reflects the fact that the introduction of the autonomous vehicles has brought about a paradigm shift to the entire mobility ecosystem. The researchers conducted by different agencies worldwide reveals the fact 95% of the road accidents are primarily caused due to the different human errors. Furthermore, there are several other reasons that have initiated the need and the preference for the Autonomous Car Technology (Inventivio - Innovative Software Products, 2016). Timeline of the driverless shows that the introduction of the automated cars was first introduced in the market during 1939 at the time when General Motors first presented the concept. Thereafter the concept further evolved with emergence with more advanced technologies. The diagram below explains the gradual evolution of th e autonomous car technology with time. Figure 3: Timeline of the evolution of the driverless car technologySource: (Inventivio - Innovative Software Products, 2016). Impact of the environment Political As rightly put forward by Beiker (2012), the political factors affecting the car industry concentrates on the primary rules and regulations, laws, measures of security and at the same time different restrictions that can be implemented to the industry as a whole. The government interventions depend on several situations and encompasses around lowering levels of taxes, rates of interest and the economic devaluation. The government in United States upholds the technological advancements to improve overall economic circumstances. For instance, Ford uses government incentives for supporting environment friendly products as well as sustainability. The developing nations also require political intervention for the development of the infrastructure especially the transportation infrastructure for increasing the demand for these technologically advanced vehicles (Jo et al., 2015). The governing units of United States normally do not prohibit the introduction of the automated vehicles. Howeve r, the District of Columbia has enforced laws that adequately address the operations of the autonomous vehicles. Again, the Nevada Legislature passed different laws in order to authorize the process of utilizing the autonomous cars. In accordance to the law, the governing units such as the laid down by the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles is responsible for setting safety and performance standards and the agency is responsible for designating areas where autonomous cars may be tested (Floreano Wood, 2015). Economic The economic factors that affect the autonomous car industry include the growth rate of the US economy, high rate of growth of different developing markets and the strengthened value of dollar (Anderson et al., 2014). The economic factors are dissimilar and are associated to different rate of exchange, global economical growth and different business settings that in turn affect the industry. The high rate of cars manufactured at a particular period of time can lead to an increase in the revenue and development of new and advanced products. The automobile industry in the country faced a surplus of approximately 80% capacity during the year 2004 that again froze to 1.4 billion euro of the automobile sector (Anderson et al., 2014). Again, the prices of the automobile industry have not decreased much owing to the fall in the rate of inflation. A crucial factor that affects the external price elasticity is reliance on oil. In addition to this, the high prices of petrol do not lead to a decrease in demand of automobiles as more number of cars is fuelefficient. The autonomous cars are nowadays more fuel efficient than the older products and offers the consumers an opportunity to save money. Furthermore, the currency alterations have an immense impact on the overall competitiveness as well as supplies of the selected products and services in this increasingly developing global m arket. Social and cultural The social factors that affect the autonomous car industry include the alterations in the culture, tastes and preferences, demographics, pattern of purchasing and capacity among many others. The social factors that affect the autonomous car industry include: Outlook of the consumer towards the label of the autonomous car Demographics of the consumers. For instance, a person having a big family can prefer a big and spacious car to suit the entire family (Kritayakirana Gerdes, 2012). Changes in the purchasing pattern of the consumers are also affected by the economic recessions. The economic recessions affect the entire market and at the same time affect the purchasing power of the consumers. Technological The technological factors that are associated to the autonomous car industry include the following: technology involved in the process of reduction of the emissions of the CO2 and the reduction of the overall speed of the loss of the battery The autonomous cars that can successfully detect surroundings can make use of the advanced techniques that include the radar, GPS, computer vision, lidar as well as GPS among many others The autonomous cars that maintain self-control can appropriately interpret different sensory information for the purpose of identification of the navigation paths, barriers as well as applicable signage. Environmental The technological innovations associated to the autonomous cars can lead to improvement of the lives of people in the society. However, the autonomous cars or else the driverless vehicles can affect the entire environment of the society (Geiger et al., 2012). The autonomous cars can be represented as the scene as well as the possible solution to different climate alteration. However, the developed nations were ultimately successful in curbing the rate of carbon emissions and penetrate into an innovative paradigm of eco-friendly path technology. Moral and ethical issues In case of the autonomous cars, the drivers are compelled to arrive at moral as well as ethical decisions that can influence both the safety of their own and that of the others. The drivers also need to operate faster than the speed limit to remain consistent with the traffic flow. The practical factors and moral elements in the process of decision making make use of combination of different sensors as well as pre-programmed judgment in order to evaluate and at the same time react to diverse situations. The different situations include sharing paths with different other cars or vehicles, pedestrians and many others. Therefore, drivers in the autonomous cars can take into consideration the concerns among different technologists as well as ethicists (Beiker, 2012). Conclusion and Recommendation In conclusion it can be said that the autonomous car industry is immensely affected by different components of the environment that include the political, social and cultural, economic, technological as well as environmental. At the beginning, the present study elucidates in detail the background or else the historical issues associated to the emergence of the autonomous cars in the market. Consequently, the present study illustrates different factors of the environment that exerts immense impact on the overall industry of autonomous cars. Different facets of the business environment therefore help in understanding that the autonomous car industry can help in creation of revolution of the transportation industry both economically as well as culturally. Ethical Implications Introduction This study deals with ethical considerations of Autonomous Car Technology. In this particular assignment, focus is mainly given on selected technology and relating it with humanity attributes. Differences between two theories of ethics are explained named as Deontology and Teleology. Analysis on impact of technology on humanity Autonomous Car Technology represents major innovation in the automotive industry but uptakes penetration strategy from the point of view of humanity actions. Autonomous vehicles are under active development as well as viable options in transport sector (Vitell Hunt, 2015). This mainly offers potential ways for improving in the safety, efficiency as well as sustainability in road traffic. Humans will be able to experience significant benefits from reduced risk of accidents and delays at the same time. Autonomous vehicles cars drive little or no human input. Distinction between two ethical approaches on Deontology and Teleology Deontology Teleology Deontology is one of the approaches to ethics that mainly adheres towards theory implications. Teleology is an approach to ethics that mainly adheres towards theory at the end and justifies at the same time. It is also known as duty-based ethics It is also known as result-oriented ethics This particular approach teaches to be fair as not to use others for some of the selfish reasons This particular approach teaches about doing whatever actions for result production agreeable to specific person This approach mainly follows what is morally right as based upon values instilled in each person This approach examines past experiences for predicting the present actions Conclusion At the end of the study, it is concluded that Autonomous Car Technology should act in ethical ways for achieving future business prospective in smoother ways. The main differences between both the theories include past experiences in case of Teleology and duty-oriented ethics in case of Deontology References Daniels, J. (2001). Modern car technology: Jeff Daniels looks under the skin of today's cars. Spark ford, UK: Haynes. On a section of the report, I would be searching for the modern car technology. Daniels book explores the modern car technology. It tends to set out the guides to the non-technical readers on the systems on the current car work. It also provides the answers that may arise towards the current car. The book will be essential especially when providing the summary and conclusion of the report. Hosansky, D., CQ Press. (2014). Future of cars: Are Americans ready for self-driving vehicles? The book explores the concept of the science fiction Cars that drive themselves could be the reality on the showrooms for the next years to come. According to the authors David and CQ Press, they elaborate that the researchers and the automakers across the globe are testing and also refining on the technologies which will allow the cars to communicate with other vehicles. The book is essential to the research since I will use it to show the radical changes in the automobile industries. The literature review would be enriched with the content from the work of these authors. Mom, Gijs. 2014. The evolution of automotive technology: a handbook. On this book, it explores in the century of the automobile that is conceived as the cultural history of the technology. The approach of the book is to explore the car technology in the long term perspective more so on the evolution of the automotive technology. The book would be helpful to the research on the review of the literature since it elaborates on the cultural history changes of the motor vehicle technology and the innovation to now on the driverless cars. Naughton, K. (2016). Nearly 75% of U.S. Drivers Say They'd Let a Robot Take the Wheel. Claims Journal. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from On my report, I will be researching on the emergence of the technology of automatic cars. On the Naughton article, nearly 75% of the US drivers would let the Robot take the wheel. The journal also explores that majority of those drivers are keen to replace the daily commutes drudgery. The article also examines that the companies that provide the forensic engineering of the automotive practices like rti. This company has the cutting edge technology to produce automatic cars. The journal also stipulated that the driverless cars would hit the market by the year 2020, of which was according to the Alixpartners. The journal would be important for the research since it would provide the technology advancement of the automatic cars. Self-Driving Cars to Create Long-Term Challenges for Auto Insurers: Moody's. (2016). Insurance Journal. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from On this journal, it explores the self-care challenges of the auto insurers. According to Moodys, many causes of the motor accidence avoidance features are on the vehicles. These features would lead to the lower accident, and it would be a benefit to the insurers. The article would be helpful to the research since would be able to know the various benefits of the insurers and the challenges that may be posed to them. Daniels, J. (2001). Modern car technology: Jeff Daniels looks under the skin of today's cars. Spark ford, UK: Haynes. Hosansky, D., CQ Press. (2014). Future of cars: Are Americans ready for self-driving vehicles? Mom, Gijs. 2014. The evolution of automotive technology: a handbook. Naughton, K. (2016).Nearly 75% of U.S. Drivers Say They'd Let a Robot Take the Wheel.Claims Journal. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from Self-Driving Cars to Create Long Term Challenges for Auto Insurers: Moody's. (2016).Insurance Journal. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from